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Athens is the capital of Greece and also its largest city. Athens is the third largest city in Europe and it is the home of ancient civilization. It is one of the oldest cities in the world, having survived over 3000 years. It is generally believed that the city was named after the goddess of wisdom, Athena. Here are some very fascinating facts about Athens; The city’s Patroness is goddess Athena. Myth has it that Poseidon and Athena were in competition for the title of patron of the city. They both brought gifts to attract the natives of the city. Athena brought olive trees, while Poseidon brought salt water springs. They chose Athena’s gift over Poseidon’s making her the city’s patron. Click the next ARROW to see the next photo!